Back to Search Results

Basic Research Methods for Papua New Guinea

Gerard Guthrie, Karina Guthrie

2012 Papua New Guinea

Basic Research Methods for Papua New Guinea is a short, clear, and practical textbook specifically oriented to PNG. It maps research methods for undergraduate and postgraduate students undertaking their first research course or project. The book provides a cafeteria of research techniques that can be drawn on in all social science subjects, as well as in teacher training. A large number of examples of research from PNG provide practical guidance for the beginning researcher. The first section introduces the research project cycle, ethics, the research proposal, and methodology. It builds on a foundation of philosophical pragmatism that synthesises both positivist and post-positivist methodologies. The approach is orientated to developing projects that address issues in the real world, especially through applied, policy, and action research. The second section on research methods outlines measurement and sampling principles for case study, survey, and experimental designs. The third section on data collection shows how to use available data, observation, interviews, questionnaires, and tests. The final section on data analysis and action covers qualitative and quantitative techniques that make practical use of spreadsheets for analysis and presentation of both words and numbers. A building block approach to report writing is followed by some thoughts on the application of research in the real world. A glossary of research terms concludes the book.